托福写作如何避免用词空洞?学会改写句式就可以应对

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所属分类:线上英语问答

托福写作评分标准中对考生作文的用词和句式有所要求,如果大家写出的文章中存在较多的用词重复以及句式空洞等问题,那么得分不可避免地会受到一定影响。其实想要解决这类问题很简单,学会改写句式就可以应对。下面小编就为大家介绍具体方法。

托福写作如何避免用词空洞?

1.一些空洞的单词或词组更本不能为句子带来任何相关的或重要的信息,完全可以被删掉。比如下面的句子:

When all things are considered, young adults of today live more satisfying lives than those of their parents,in my opinion.

这句话当中的“when all things are considered”和“in my opinion”都显得多余。完全可以去掉。改为:Young adults of today live more satisfying lives than their parents.

2. 有些空洞和繁琐的表达方式可以进行替换,例如:

Due to the fact that our grandparents were under an obligation to help their parents, they did not have the options that young people have at this point in time.

“due to the fact that”就是一个很典型的繁琐的表达方式的例子,可以替换,简化为下面的表达方式:

Because our grandparents were obligated to help their parents,they did not have the options that young people have now.

托福写作如何减少内容重复?

1.尽量避免重复使用同样的词汇。或者有的时候虽然词汇没有重复,但意思却有重复。这时候可以做一些简化的工作。例如下面这个例子:

The farm my grandfather grew up on was large in size.

Large 对一个farm来说就是size方面的large,所以in size可以去掉,改为:The farm my grandfather grew up on was large.

更简洁的表达方式为:My grandfather grew up on a large farm.

2. 有时一个词组可以用一个更简单的单词来替换,例如:

My grandfather has said over and over again that he had to work on his parents' farm.

这里的over and over again就可以改为repeatedly,显得更为简洁:

My grandfather has said repeatedly that he had to work on his parents' farm.

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